Pain… There is hardly a person who has not come in contact with him once in his life. Headache is thus considered a relatively common disease, but its range is quite wide, ranging from normal headaches to life-threatening headaches. One of these types is headache, also known as migraine and migraine.
What is a migraine?
A migraine, commonly known as a migraine headache (not necessarily only in one half of the head), is a headache that occurs intermittently.
Migraines include headaches along with other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and temporary visual disturbances or confusion from strong sunlight, bright lights, loud noises, and specific smells or odors that affect your normal life. Rather, it can be useless.
Migraines usually run in families (genetic). That is, different members of the same family can suffer from this disease. Therefore, it is also a hereditary disease.
If either parent has migraines, the child has a 50% chance of developing migraines, and if both parents have migraines, the child has a roughly 75% chance of developing migraines.
Migraine pain can have some other causes along with genetic factors. For example, certain foods (cheese, chocolate, caffeine, and some other drinks) can also cause this pain.
Every patient is different and the causes of their migraines are also different. This pain is more common in women. Apart from dietary factors, fatigue, mental stress, and seasonal effects can also cause migraines.
Often lack of sleep, fatigue and not taking care of your rest lead to the onset of migraines. This type of headache can also be associated with mental illness, but migraine does not necessarily have to be associated with any of the above factors.
How common are migraines?
According to Western research, migraine pain occurs in about 12% of people. There is a possibility of a further increase in this rate. As already written, this pain is more common (2 to 3 times) in women than in men and more or less 1 in 5 women suffer from migraines.
Generally 24, 25 years old people are more prone to it. This is the reason why migraine is the cause of many important socio-economic problems. According to an estimate, more than 4 crore people are suffering from migraine in Pakistan.
What are the symptoms of migraine?
Migraines can appear before or alongside other symptoms of a severe headache. Early symptoms include mild sensitivity (sometimes hypersensitivity), fatigue, neck pain, increased appetite, and mood changes.
Each sufferer goes through different conditions during a migraine. A migraine attack is usually preceded by a warning/signal interval in which the patient feels unusually tired or restless, followed by nausea or vomiting.
During this time, one may experience symptoms of absolute intolerance to bright light or blurred vision. These symptoms may last from a few minutes to a few hours.
These early symptoms are followed by a typical type of migraine headache, which involves pain on one or both sides of the head and continues to worsen.
The duration of a migraine attack varies from person to person and can range from 4 to 72 hours. Its duration is usually up to 6 hours.
What should be done with migraine?
If migraine attacks are frequent with severe headaches and are not controlled by common pain relievers like paracetamol/proven etc., consult your family/neuro physician.
In some cases, the doctor may also recommend some tests to make sure that the headache is not a symptom of another disease.
How to deal with migraine?
You can be your own best physician because you have time to understand your disease and hope for benefit. Keep a diary that records the time of onset, duration, and anything important associated with the headache.
Note your routine and things related to the pain (for example, some people get migraines because they sleep more than usual), noting these details for a while will help you become more aware of the nature and mood of the pain.
It will help to know its causes. For example, the pace/fatigue of your work may be causing the pain, so organize your daily activities accordingly to treat the underlying cause of the pain and control the migraines.
In some women, birth control pills can cause migraines, so women should consult their doctor. In some people, intense sunlight or strong sunlight triggers the pain, so take precautions to prevent migraine attacks. can go.
While the migraine record is useful for the patient, it also aids the patient’s physician in treatment. Avoiding migraine-triggering foods and factors as well as a simple diet, drinking plenty of water and water-based products, walking, exercising, and getting enough sleep are helpful in controlling migraines.
Treatment is most effective if started at the onset of a migraine attack. If you suffer from frequent migraines, be sure to consult your physician/neurologist for proper treatment.